Hamburg the city, as well as city and located in the Elbe River in northern Germany. It is the nation’s biggest commercial and port center. It is the Free and Hanseatic City from Hamburg is the second-tiniest city. Of all 16 Landers of Germany and has a total area of just two92 sq miles. The city is the second-most popular city of Germany in comparison to Berlin in addition. To boasts one of the biggest and largest ports across Europe.
The official name, which encompasses both the town, and the city represents Hamburg’s long-standing tradition of self-government and particularism. Hamburg along with Bremen the tiniest in Hamburg and Bremen the smallest among the Lander is in actual fact. One of the few German city-states that retain some that resembles its ancient independence.
Hamburg’s distinctiveness Hamburg is proudly maintain by the people of Hamburg so that in a variety of spheres of life. Both private and public Hamburg’s culture retains its distinctiveness and hasn’t surrendered to the trend towards uniformity.
International City With A Cosmopolitan Outlook
Hamburg nevertheless is one of the most international cities with a cosmopolitan outlook. While the city is home to a small number of foreigners in the city, many travel through the city. Hamburg is in contact with numerous nations and boasts more consulates cities in the world. With the exception of New York City. shipping and trade have been the lifeblood of Hamburg for long. As a result, the harbor has remained Hamburg’s most prominent landmark.
The other attractions in Hamburg are the canals that evoke Amsterdam as well as parks. Lakes and lush suburban areas filled with elegant homes. Elegant shopping arcades, well-equipped museums, and a vibrant culture. These are just a few of the things that have helped to create the growing tourism business. Although it was severely damage in World War II. Hamburg has been able to maintain an old-world charm in addition to its Growing commercial life. The area is 222 square miles.
Human And Physical Geography City
The City Landscape
Hamburg is situated at the northern end in Hamburg is locate at the northern end of Lower Elbe valley. Located at the northernmost location is between 5 to 8 miles or 8 to 13 kilometers in width. In the southwest of the city’s old part to the southeast, the Elbe splits itself into two branches. It is the Norder Elbe along with the Suder Elbe, however.
These branches cross paths opposite Altona which lies just in the west. Just to the east of Altona to create the Untirable. That is a part of the North Sea some 65 miles downstream of Hamburg. Two other rivers also flow into the Elbe in Hamburg. The Alster to the north, and the Bille from the east.
The Layout Of The City
The core of the city can be found in Altstadt old town which was a medieval town. Which is bound by the harbor and the roads. That run along the lines of the fortifications that were once in place. Within the core, there aren’t many great structures. To help the visitor remember the city’s millennia-long history apart from the five major churches.
Sankt Jacobi Sankt Petri, Sankt Katharinen, Sankt Nikolai, and Sankt Michaelis. None of them is in its original state. The fire has destroyed most of older warehouses and residences and the remaining property. That was unaffected due to the fire is often renovate for modern needs. However, there are a few remnants of old buildings.
Additionally, the design of the city’s old center is still evident in the old street names and also in some of the Fleete canals. That are the bridges that connect the Alster with docks on the Elbe. One of the most beautiful views of the city is at The Lombards Brucke (Lombard bridge) from where you can see the churches’ towers can be seen rising against a skyline that’s quite harmonious despite the contemporary towers.
In the middle of Hamburg is a lake with a total area of the size of 455 acres or 184 hectares that is formed by the Damming of the Alster and separated by of the Lombards Brucke to form and the Binnenalster (Inner Alster) and the Aussenalster (Outer Alster). The latter is surrounded by elegant suburbs, including Rotherbaum, Harvesterhude, and Uhlenhorst. Many waterways, which can be accessed by pleasure boats, stretch through the Aussenalster.
The last remaining piece of the traditional Hamburg architecture can be found in Deichstrasse on one side of which is locate on the Nikolai canal. The tall, narrow homes similar to those in Amsterdam are initially construct from the 17th to the 19th century.
One of the houses, which is number 42, now used as a restaurant where the massive fire that erupted in 1842 began. Afterward, the houses rebuilt in the traditional style. The street is now protected, and, in the last few years, it has gone through significant renovation. There are many traditional eateries in the area.
Another relic of earlier architectural styles is found in the Krameramtswohnungen close to Sankt Michaelis. It is comprised of two half-timber brick buildings that are situate on opposite sides of a courtyard that is narrow It was originally constructe as a housing complex for widows of shopkeepers.
It’s the only remaining 17th-century structure that has its own kind within the town. It was completely restored between 1971 between 1971 and 1974, it creates a charming, seclude avenue that houses a restaurant, some shops and a part that is part of the Museum fur Hamburgische Geschichte Museum of Hamburg History.
In Hamburg’s five grand churches one of the most impressive is likely Sankt Michaelis, an 18th-century Baroque-style Protestant chapel with an elegant white and gold interior. It destroys by a fire in 1906, then rebuilt, destroy again in World War II and rebuilt and rebuilt once more following the conflict.
The prosperous period of 1890-1910 saw an abundance of exquisite architectural styles, the best examples are evident in the elegant and spacious historic homes in the vicinity of the Aussenalster. A large portion of them is being use as consulates.
Period Of Flourishing In Architecture
Another period of flourishing in architecture was during the 1930s, and 1920s as there was a revival in the use of traditional north German brick, which was dark red in color, for building materials, which was led by architect Fritz Hoger and Fritz Schumacher. An excellent example is Hoger’s Chilehaus which a huge office building that built between 1922 and 1924.
Recently, Hamburg has gained its share of starkly functional modern structures including The Congress Centrum Congress Center, inaugurated in 1973 and the Fernsehturm Television Tower, 271.5 meters 891 feet tall, however there is a current tendency to refurbish old homes instead of demolishing them and rebuild. This is why the cityscape of Hamburg in general offers a more humane quality that is lacking in the majority of German cities.
Climate Of Hamburg City
Hamburg is a city with warm winters with mild springs moderately cool summers, high humidity with frequent, heavy rain. The average cold winter temperatures are 34.2 degrees Fahrenheit (1.2 degrees Celsius) and the mean high temperature in the summer months of 62.4 degrees Fahrenheit (16.9 degrees Celsius).
Over three-fourths or more of the inhabitants are Protestants The remaining are mostly Roman Catholic. There is a tiny Muslim population with a large number of Turkish Gastarbeiter’s guest worker. The Jews who were 27,000 in 1933 when Hitler took power are now only 1,000.
The City Economy
After absorbing Altona, Harburg in addition to Wandsbek at the time of 1937 Hamburg is now Germany’s largest industrial city. Manufacturing and processing industries of all kinds represent in the city. Hamburg handles the majority of the country’s copper needs in addition, there is the Norddeutsche Affinerie, on Veddel is Europe’s second largest copperworks.
Chemical, steel and shipbuilding sectors are also vital, though shipbuilding has decreased because of the competition with Japan in the region of Japan and Korea. Hamburg is also the second most important city in Germany following Berlin and Frankfurt, in terms of periodicals and newspapers. Nuclear facilities located at Krummel and Brunsbuttel offer energy at a cost that is reasonable for the industries located along the Unterelbe as well as to other areas of Hamburg.
In the years during the time of German division, Hamburg handled more than half the West Germany’s trade in foreign exchange Not just as shipping cargo, but also as airfreight and rail. Most imports include vegetables oils, fats and oils, tea petroleum, coffee tropical fruits, as well as uncured tobacco. Exports include electrotechnical products, petroleum fuel processed and lubricants, copper and pharmaceutical items.
The largest economic hub in Germany, Hamburg since 1960 has grown into a venue for world-class trade fairs. The majority of conventions and fairs held on the Ernst-Merck-Halle exhibition grounds. They situated just south of the Planten un Blomen park. A very popular event the international boat show which held every winter.
Hamburg’s harbor is the gateway to the world. More than 15,000 vessels from more than 100 nations pass through the harbor every year. Hamburg’s Uber see-Zentrum is the largest cover warehouse and it’s Walters of containers terminal is the biggest container terminal on the continent.
The city and Harbour are connected via the German railway system The city also serve by the benefit of a reliable transportation system that includes buses and underground trains. In order to free the city of the burden of long-distance traffic the city given a tunnel open on the 27th of July 1977 underneath the Elbe as component of Stockholm’s Lisbon highway.
Hamburg-Fuhlsbuttel Airport found in 1911 among the oldest airports in Europe. The airport has 2 runways where even the largest jet-powered aircrafts are able to start.